PERS 2 retirement plan
The Public Employees’ Retirement System Plan 2 (PERS 2) is a traditional, defined-benefit pension plan — when you meet plan requirements and retire, you’re guaranteed a certain monthly income for the rest of your life. After working at least five years, you’re eligible to receive your retirement benefit starting at age 65.
Both you and the UW contribute money to PERS 2. However, these contributions don’t determine your retirement benefit. Instead, the income you receive from PERS 2 during retirement depends on both your final salary and your years of service.
Enroll in PERS 2
Only classified employees are eligible to enroll in PERS 2. You must be working at least 50 percent of full time and in an appointment with a duration of at least five months.
If you’re a temporary employee, you may also be eligible for PERS 2 if you work at least five months during a 12-month period.
To enroll in the PERS 2 retirement plan:
- Fill out the DRS Enrollment (PDF) form
- Submit the completed form the the Benefits office
If you’re a new UW employee or newly eligible for retirement benefits, your deadline for enrolling is 90 days from the start of your eligibility.
Calculate your retirement benefit
At retirement, the income you receive from PERS 2 depends on two factors — how long you’ve worked and how much money you made. The formula for calculating your monthly retirement benefit is:
2% x service credit years x average final compensation
Your service credit is, essentially, how long you’ve worked at UW or at another state agency in Washington.
There’s no limit to the amount of service credit that you can earn. Plus, you keep your service credit if you leave your job. That way, you can continue to build your service credit should you return to work at UW or another state agency.
Generally, you need to work at least 90 hours per month for 12 months to earn a service credit year. In some cases, you can earn a service credit year for working a minimum number of hours during a nine-month-long “school year.”
Average final compensation
This is your average monthly salary calculated over the 60 consecutive months (five years) where your salary was the highest. In most cases, this is your final five years before retiring; though, some people may have higher salaries during other points in their career.
Suppose you’re 65 years old, and in 2017 after working at UW for 32 years, you’re retiring. This is what you would need to know to calculate your PERS 2 retirement income:
|Years of service credit:||32|
|Five consecutive years where your salary was highest:||2012 salary: $52,000 ($4,333.33 per month)
2013 salary: $52,000 ($4,333.33 per month)
2014 salary: $57,000 ($4,750 per month)
2015 salary: $60,000 ($5,000 per month)
2016 salary: $60,000 ($5,000 per month)
|Average final compensation:||$4683.33 per month|
|Retirement income:||$2,997.33 per month (0.02 x 32 x $4,683.33)|
When you become vested
After working at UW for five years, your PERS 2 retirement funds are fully vested, which means you have earned the right to receive income from PERS 2 at retirement. Once you’re vested, you can access your retirement benefit funds at age 65.
If you leave UW before you’re vested, you won’t receive income from PERS 2 at retirement. You do, however, retain ownership of the money you’ve contributed to PERS 2. You also keep the service credit you’ve earned, which you can later apply toward vesting should you return to work at UW or at another state agency.
Time you spend working for other Washington state agencies, either before or after your time at UW, may also count toward vesting.
What you contribute
Each paycheck, you contribute 6.12 percent of your gross salary to PERS 2. These contributions are taken out on a pretax basis. This lowers your taxable income, which in turn lowers the amount of taxes your pay.
The UW also contributes to PERS 2 on your behalf. These aren’t matching funds, and you have no access to them. The rates at which both you and UW contribute are specified by the state legislature. They periodically adjust the rates to reflect the overall cost of the plan.
While these contributions help fund PERS 2, they do not determine how much income you receive at retirement. Use the PERS 2 formula to calculate your monthly benefit.
Leaving UW before retirement
When you leave your job at UW, you have two options concerning the money you’ve contributed to PERS 2: leave the money in your account or withdraw it.
If you leave the money in your account it will continue to accrue interest. Your service credit will remain intact, so should you return to work at UW (or another state agency), you can earn more service credit. (Remember, you’re not vested in PERS 2 until you’ve earned five years of service credit.)
Your other option is to withdraw the funds that you have contributed (plus interest). There are, however, Internal Revenue Service tax implications to withdrawing your contributions, so check with a tax advisor before withdrawing. In most cases, you can transfer your funds to a qualified retirement account, such as an IRA, without facing a tax penalty.
Retirement plan loans
You can’t take out a loan from your PERS 2 funds or otherwise access them while working at UW. Leaving work at UW is the only way to withdraw your PERS 2 contributions before retirement.